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TUOHILL – Matthias Jeremiah aka DAVIS – John HEIC Bengal Artillery 2nd Brigade

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Mathias Jeremiah Tuohill by Jeanette Lee EPG Gazette April 2019

EPGs and New Zealand Wars by Jeanette Lee – EPG Gazette 2019 No 1

HEIC – The Battle of Ferozeshah 1845
NameTUOHILL / TOOHILL / TWOHILL – Matthias Jeremiah aka DAVIS – John
Regiment (s)Honourable East India Company Bengal Artillery 2nd Brigade
Regiment Number (s) 239
Date/Age/Place/Trade or
Profession at Attestation
1842 / 20 years / Liverpool
Description – Height
5 Ft 9½ in
Swarthy / Hazel / Brown / None
Overseas Service/DurationHEIC
Length of Service8 years 2 months
Rank/Date/Place of DischargeGunner / 12th June 1850 / Not yet known
Campaign MedalsNot yet known
Intended Residence at
Killarney Kerry Ireland
Pension Districts1850 Tralee
1854 3rd Plymouth
1855-1856 Western Australia
1856-1857 South Australia
1857-1864 Victoria
1864-1868 New Zealand
1868-1871 New South Wales
1871-1876 Victoria
Pension Paid1/3d per diem
Date of Departure and Place
England or Ireland
5th February 1855 Plymouth England via Cape of Good Hope
Ship and Date of Arrival
Western Australia
STAG 23rd May 1855
Date/Place of Birth1822 Barnwell, Alberta, Canada
Date/Place of BaptismNot yet known
Date/Place of Birth
Not yet known
Date/Place of Birth
Not yet known
SiblingsNot yet known
1st Wife
Date of Birth or Baptism
Not yet known
Date/Place of Marriage23rd August 1855 Fremantle Western Australia
Children by 1st WifeEliza or Elizabeth B 20th June 1857 Adelaide South Australia
M MISCHKE Carl 1883 Newtown New South Wales
D 4th October 1895 Not yet known
Mary Ann B c1857 Not yet known
Sarah B c1861 Melbourne Victoria
Lucy B c1861 Not yet known
M BALFOUR George J. 1886 Sydney New South Wales
D 1940 Randwick New South Wales
Fanny B 1867 Auckland New Zealand
D 1871 Sydney New South Wales
Father of 1st wife
Date/Place of Birth
KEANE Thomas
Not yet known
Mother of 1st wife
Date/Place of Birth
Not yet known
Land Grants Western
Occupation after
Policeman – South Australia
Clerk and Bailiff – New South Wales
Newspaper ArticlesThe Adelaide Times Thursday 31st July 1856 – page 2
Adelaide Times Thursday 8th January 1857 – page 3
The Argus (Melbourne)Tuesday 4th November 1862 – page 6
The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser Saturday 14th October 1871
Empire Thursday 12th October 1871 – page 2
Empire 14th November 1871 – page 3
The Argus (Melbourne) Monday 10th August 1876 – page 6
Singleton Argus and Upper Hunter General Advocate
Wednesday 3rd July 1878 – page 6 – Murrurundi Police Court
Sydney Morning Herald  Saturday 3rd October 1896 – page 1
Departure from Western
“Lochinvar14th August 1856 from Geographe Bay Western Australia to Adelaide South Australia
Date/Place of Death/Burial10th August 1876 Melbourne Hospital Victoria
Not yet known
Date/Place of Death/Burial
Not yet known
Will or ProbateNone known
Further InformationDischarge: Both shoulders useless from a wound caused by roundshot while at action at Soodalapore [Punjab].
AJCP reel 466/87 part 2 Folio 233
Proceedings of a Court of Inquiry into complaints by the wives of the Pensioner Guard on the Stag into the conduct of the Super Intendent Surgeon Caldwell. Witness at the Court of Inquiry, gave evidence against Mrs Brown
New Zealand Electoral Rolls 1869-1870 Matthias Jeremiah TWOHILL residence Napier Street Waipa.
John Davis or as he was known in Australia, Matthias Tuohill/Toohill/Twohill came to Western Australia in 1855 as part of the Convict guard on the ship “Stag” as a bachelor. Soon after his arrival he married Mary KEANE. Barely a year later they journeyed to South Australia where their first daughter Eliza was born soon followed by Mary. Matthias obtained employment as a police trooper but soon fell foul of the law when he was accused of stealing a sum of money (He was eventually acquitted). The family then journeyed to Victoria where their third daughter Sarah was born followed by Lucy. They lived there for some time before setting out for New Zealand. On 19th January 1863 Matthias Tuohill enrolled in the 4th Waikato Regiment and set off for New Zealand together with his wife and family. One of the terms under which the men enrolled in the Waikato regiment was the reward of a land grant which varied according to the rank of the recruit. In New Zealand Matthias, according to the Electoral Roll of 1869-70, seemed to settle down to an agricultural life presumably on the land he had been granted. The final child Fanny was born at Auckland in 1867, unfortunately Fanny was unable to speak from birth which Matthias contributed to his wife’s drunkenness. In 1868 the family moved to Sydney where the couple separated and Matthias put the four eldest girls into the Randwick Orphanage, The youngest, Fanny, remained living with her mother. Unfortunately Fanny was burnt to death when she was just aged five and in her mother’s care. During his life in Sydney Matthias worked as a bailiff although his wife said he was a clerk as recorded on his WO97.
Matthias moved to Victoria and applied unsuccessfully to accompany the Burke and Wills expedition quoting his service with the Bengal Artillery and participation in five major campaigns in India as well as being a competent bushman. He died in Melbourne Hospital on 10th August 1876 aged only 54 years from haemorrhage of the stomach caused by excessive drinking.